The Hadza people, the last true Nomads of Africa, are are a culturally, linguistically, and genetically distinct population of approximately 1000-1500 individuals living around Lake Eyasi in the central Rift Valley and in the neighboring Serengeti Plateau. They are the last functioning hunter-gatherers in Africa living as they have for thousands or even tens of thousands of years. About 5-6 families form a nomadic tribe which moves to a new location every two months or so. Being mobile is an essential part of Hadza culture, both as a way to find food and as a way to peaceably regulate social interactions.
Using vowels, consonants and clicking sounds, they are known for their non verbal communication, using clicks, modern genetic research suggests that they may beclosely related to the Pygmies. The Hadza language appears to be an isolate, unrelated to any other.
The Hadza are highly skilled, selective, and opportunistic foragers, and adjust their diet according to season and circumstance. Men usually forage individually, bringing home some honey, fruit, or wild game when available. Women forage in larger parties, to collect berries, baobab fruit, and tubers. Men and women also forage co-operatively for honey and fruit, and at least one adult male will usually accompany a group of foraging women.
The contribution of meat to the diet increases in the dry season, when game becomes concentrated around sources of water. During this time, men often bow hunt in pairs with poison treated arrows. and spend entire nights patiently waiting by waterholes, hoping to shoot animals that approach for a night-time drink.
This unique and educational experience will take you on an amazing adventure with the Hadzas. An early morning start, you will join the men on their daily hunt using traditional Bow and arrows, or join the women as they forage for fruits and berries. An authentic African cultural experience, not for the faint of heart.
Feel free to enjoy this insightful National Geographic Article to learn more.